Rabbits are herbivores and they like to eat, eat, eat! They are always nibbling or grazing throughout the day and night. Instead of dedicated meal times, rabbits eat continuously, so they need to have a constant source of nutritious food!
How Much Should I Feed My Rabbit?
Grass hay should always be available
Pellets (daily): 1/8th to 1/4th cup of pellets per 5 lbs of rabbit weight
Vegetables (daily): 1 cup of vegetables minimum per 4 lbs of rabbit weight
Chew sticks or wood: Provide animal safe chew sticks or wood all the time, as rabbit teeth continually grow and rabbits must chew these items to keep their teeth filed down
Grass Hay, Pellets, and Vegetables
Your rabbit needs to eat grass hay daily. Grass hay is necessary for rabbit digestion and helps prevent obesity, diarrhea, boredom, and dental disease. There are different varieties of grass hay such as Timothy Hay (probably the most common), oat hay, and orchard grass. You can buy grass hay at your local pet store. Alfalfa hay is too ‘rich’ for a rabbit’s digestive system. Alfalfa can be given as an occasional treat, but it cannot be your rabbit’s main source of hay.
Rabbit food pellets are an important part of your rabbit’s diet too. These pellets are formulated to meet your rabbit’s dietary needs.
Rabbits need and enjoy vegetables as well. Variety is very important when feeding your rabbit vegetables. Your rabbit will enjoy the variety and benefit from the diverse nutrients. (In the lists below I’ve italicized the vegetables that can be most easily located at grocery stores, although this may vary depending on where you live and shop!)
- Best veggies are dark leafy greens: romaine lettuce, kale, bok choy, mustard greens, carrot tops, parsley, cilantro, watercress, basil, beet greens, broccoli greens, collard greens, clover, and dandelion greens
- Good veggies: carrots, broccoli, green peppers, brussels sprouts, endive, wheat grass, and radicchio
- Do not feed these veggies: ice berg and head lettuce are low in nutrient and won’t provide your rabbit with any dietary benefit
- Feed in Moderation: carrot tops, dandelion greens, kale, and parsley contain large amounts of calcium – feeding in moderation helps to prevent bladder stones