There are millions of people around the world that are found to be diabetic. Do you know that diabetes is not limited to humans? Unfortunately, dogs can also acquire this ailment. It’s a lifelong condition that can be fatal and should be carefully monitored.
Dogs with diabetes usually suffer from enlarged livers, weak immune system and neurological problems.
What causes diabetes in dogs?
All breeds can be affected by diabetes, but there are some breeds that are more prone to this disease such as Poodles, Spitz, German Shepherd, Fox Terriers, Siberian Huskies, Golden Retrievers and Miniature Schnauzers.
The condition is manifested when the islet cells of the pancreas fail to sufficiently secrete insulin. Insulin is responsible for metabolizing glucose (sugar) in the body. If there is not enough of the substance, sugar piles up and eventually develop into diabetes.
Almost have of the reported cases of diabetes affecting dogs are linked to failure and damage of the pancreatic system. Genetic predisposition is said to be the most prevalent contributor. Overstimulation of the immune system triggered by numerous vaccinations during the early years in a dog’s life can weaken the pancreas.
Signs and Symptoms
Frequent and large volume urination is a common symptom of diabetes in dogs. When this happens, you have to rehydrate your dogs frequently to replenish the large amount of water being excreted every now and then.
When your dogs showed significant increase in appetite but is still losing weight, you should see your veterinarian to have your pets checked. Vomiting, cataracts, sluggishness and even coma are signs of advanced stage of diabetes.
You should closely monitor the blood sugar and regular insulin injections of your diabetic dogs. Another important thing to carefully look at is their diet. Do away from moist food and treats.
If your dogs are found to be diabetic and overweight, a high-carbs and high-fiber diet is highly recommended. But, you should be careful when giving your dogs processed foods. Seek veterinarian’s advice on brands that would not aggravate the condition of your pet. Also, take note of their caloric requirements vs their day-to-day activities and weight. Computation of insulin levels in the blood is based from this.
If your dog has already lost so much weight and became thinner than usual, low-fiber diet with increased caloric density is suggested.
While you become stricter on the diet of your dogs, you should also not miss a single insulin shot session.